The history of this breed can be traced to the 16th century, however by the mid 20th century it had nearly become extinct. Following World War II, Robert Billard, a priest, was given a parish in Saône-et-Loire in the Bresse region of France.  Billard was an active hunter and began to search for a suitable hunting dog. He was told of a local dog breed known as the “Epagneul de Saint-Usuge”, and contacted the Société Centrale Canine in order to find what happened to the breed.  Father Billard found that the last recording of the Saint-Usuge Spaniel was in a dog show in 1936 in the nearby town of Louhans, and he located the breed standard from that show.  He proceeded to visit the hunters in his parish until he found a dog which matched the breed description, a female named Poupette.  In 1950 he found a male spaniel named Dick, who was a son of Braco, the dog which won best in show at the show in 1936.  He continued to find other male dogs around the region to include in the reconstruction of the breed.  In 1962, a Small Münsterländer female named Bianca von der Rumerburg was used in the breeding programme, chosen as that breed’s standards mostly closely resemble the Saint-Usuge’s.  In 1980, the work on reconstructing the breed was handed over to Serge Bey, a local conservationist.  Father Billard’s breeding programme bred nearly 250 dogs over a 33 year period.  The national breed club for France was set up in 1990 and known as the Club de l’Epagneul de Saint-Usuge.  The Société Centrale Canine recognised the Saint Usuge Spaniel on January 8, 2003, placing it within Group 7 with other continental spaniels.  While the breed is not fully recognised by the American Kennel Club, it is listed as a breed in the club’s companion animal recovery scheme.